Opt⚙City ®-Quality Crystal & Optical Components
Lenses are used for imaging, focusing or dispersing a light beam. UV fused silica lens is used in UV and high power laser. N-BK7, Crown and Flint glass are used for visible and NIR imaging. Gemanium, Silicon and ZnSe are used for IR systems.
Lenses are classified by the curvature of the two optical surfaces: Plano-convex, plano-concave, Double-convex, Double-concave, Meniscus.
The focal length of a lens in air can be calculated from the lensmaker's equation:
f is the focal length of the lens,
n is the refractive index of the lens material,
R1 is the radius of curvature (with sign, see below) of the lens surface closer to the light source,
R2 is the radius of curvature of the lens surface farther from the light source, and
d is the thickness of the lens.
The focal length f is positive for converging lenses, and negative for diverging lenses.
The signs of the lens' radii: positive R indicates a surface's center of curvature in the right side, negative R indicates surface's center in the left.
Thin lens formula:
Chromatic aberration: caused by the dispersion of the lens material
Low dispersion material such as CaF2 crystal, or achromatic doublet in which two materials with differing dispersion are bonded together, are used to reduce chromatic aberration.
Spherical aberration: spherical aberration occurs because spherical surfaces are not the ideal shape for a lens.
Coma: Coma occurs when rays pass through the lens at an angle to the axis θ.
Aspherical best form lenses are designed to correct Spherical aberration, Coma and Chromatic aberration.
Optocity offer advanced aspheric glass lenses for security surveillance, driving recorder etc. Singlet, doublet, cylinder, ball lens, Grin lens and other type of lenses are also available from Optocity. Please send us an e-mail to request for quote.
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